Adoption Home Study Process

A home study for adoption serves many purposes. For example, it helps educate prospective families on the adoption process and ensures that the family can meet the needs of a child. The adoption home study process also helps to inform a social worker on what kind of child would be a good match for the family. While requirements and exact processes slightly differ on a state-by-state and agency-by-agency basis, the elements listed below are typically part of the adoption home study process. For specific guidelines, please make sure to check in with your provider on what their adoption home study requirements are.

Typical adoption home study process

Information session

Many home study provider will typically offer an information session to teach prospective parents about the home study process and what to expect. These information sessions are usually free of charge and do not require you to select that particular provider. Remember, you are evaluating the provider as well, so this is a good chance to evaluate if the agency is a good fit for your family. This is an optional step in the adoption home study process. If you prefer, you can also call the home study provider directly to ask them about their program.


Many providers will also require you to fulfill some training requirements. The education provided tends to help prospective parents understand more about the adoption process overall, as well as the types of adoptions possible and any provider-specific requirements. Part of the adoption home study process is understanding what types of child’s needs you feel you could parent. For example, would you be comfortable with parenting an older child, a sibling group, or a child with a medical disability? The education provided throughout the home study education can help you decide what kind of child you could effectively parent.

Paperwork and autobiographical statement

The home study process also includes a set of paperwork to help your social worker get to know you better. The paperwork generally includes a personal information section, as well as an autobiographical section. The autobiographical section will likely ask you some questions about how your family history and background. You will also likely be asked about your child preferences.

Typical documents you are also requested to provide include a copy of your driver’s license or passport, birth certificates, marriage license, divorce certificates (if applicable), physician’s statement on your health, and income statements. For a full checklist of potential documents, please review our home study checklist. You will also be required to provide a list of references who will help the social worker get a better picture of your family life and support system. The references are required to send in a letter detailing how they know you, how they’ve seen you react in certain situations, and whether or not they’d be in support of you adopting a child.


You will likely be interviewed several times by a social worker you are paired with in the beginning of the home study process. The purpose of the interviews is to allow the social worker to get to know you better so that he or she can help you with a child placement that fits both your needs and the child’s needs. It is also a great opportunity for you to ask any questions you may have about adoption or the home study process. Typical questions asked range from general family history to personality traits and how you cope with difficult situations (see a list of sample questions). You may also be asked about your child preferences and any experiences you have with children.

Home visit

The home study process also includes a home visit, where the social worker will come visit your home to make sure that it is free of safety hazards and meets state licensing standards. For example, the social worker will make sure that your residence has smoke detectors and that household cleaners are stored in childproof cabinets. They will also be checking to make sure that there’s adequate space for each child. This doesn’t mean that you need to have an entire extra room per child — their plan is just to understand how you are going to accommodate an additional child. For additional information on the adoption home study process, the Child Welfare Information Gateway, run by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, also has a great resource.

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